Special Section on Image Processing for Cultural Heritage

Virtual anastylosis of Greek sculpture as museum policy for public outreach and cognitive accessibility

[+] Author Affiliations
Filippo Stanco, Dario Allegra, Filippo Luigi Maria Milotta

University of Catania, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Viale A. Doria 6, 95125 Catania, Italy

Davide Tanasi

University of South Florida, Center for Virtualization and Applied Spatial Technologies and Department of History, 4202 East Fowler Avenue, Tampa, Florida 33620, United States

Gioconda Lamagna, Giuseppina Monterosso

Museo Archeologico Regionale “Paolo Orsi” di Siracusa, Viale Teocrito 66, 96100 Siracusa, Italy

J. Electron. Imaging. 26(1), 011025 (Jan 11, 2017). doi:10.1117/1.JEI.26.1.011025
History: Received July 14, 2016; Accepted December 13, 2016
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Abstract.  This paper deals with a virtual anastylosis of a Greek Archaic statue from ancient Sicily and the development of a public outreach protocol for those with visual impairment or cognitive disabilities through the application of three-dimensional (3-D) printing and haptic technology. The case study consists of the marble head from Leontinoi in southeastern Sicily, acquired in the 18th century and later kept in the collection of the Museum of Castello Ursino in Catania, and a marble torso, retrieved in 1904 and since then displayed in the Archaeological Museum of Siracusa. Due to similar stylistic features, the two pieces can be dated to the end of the sixth century BC. Their association has been an open problem, largely debated by scholars, who have based their hypotheses on comparisons between pictures, but the reassembly of the two artifacts was never attempted. As a result the importance of such an artifact, which could be the only intact Archaic statue of a kouros ever found in Greek Sicily, has not fully been grasped by the public. Consequently, the curatorial dissemination of the knowledge related with such artifacts is purely based on photographic material. As a response to this scenario, the two objects have been 3-D scanned and virtually reassembled. The result has been shared digitally with the public via a web platform and, in order to include increased accessibility for the public with physical or cognitive disabilities, copies of the reassembled statue have been 3-D printed and an interactive test with the 3-D model has been carried out with a haptic device.

© 2017 SPIE and IS&T

Citation

Filippo Stanco ; Davide Tanasi ; Dario Allegra ; Filippo Luigi Maria Milotta ; Gioconda Lamagna, et al.
"Virtual anastylosis of Greek sculpture as museum policy for public outreach and cognitive accessibility", J. Electron. Imaging. 26(1), 011025 (Jan 11, 2017). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.26.1.011025


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