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Fast-convergence superpixel algorithm via an approximate optimization

[+] Author Affiliations
Kensuke Nakamura, Byung-Woo Hong

Chung-Ang University, Computer Science Department, Seoul 156-756, Republic of Korea

J. Electron. Imaging. 25(5), 053035 (Oct 24, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JEI.25.5.053035
History: Received July 14, 2016; Accepted October 5, 2016
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Abstract.  We propose an optimization scheme that achieves fast yet accurate computation of superpixels from an image. Our optimization is designed to improve the efficiency and robustness for the minimization of a composite energy functional in the expectation–minimization (EM) framework where we restrict the update of an estimate to avoid redundant computations. We consider a superpixel energy formulation that consists of L2-norm for the spatial regularity and L1-norm for the data fidelity in the demonstration of the robustness of the proposed algorithm. The quantitative and qualitative evaluations indicate that our superpixel algorithm outperforms SLIC and SEEDS algorithms. It is also demonstrated that our algorithm guarantees the convergence with less computational cost by up to 89% on average compared to the SLIC algorithm while preserving the accuracy. Our optimization scheme can be easily extended to other applications in which the alternating minimization is applicable in the EM framework.

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Citation

Kensuke Nakamura and Byung-Woo Hong
"Fast-convergence superpixel algorithm via an approximate optimization", J. Electron. Imaging. 25(5), 053035 (Oct 24, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.25.5.053035


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