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Multimodal sparse reconstruction in guided wave imaging of defects in plates

[+] Author Affiliations
Andrew Golato, Sridhar Santhanam, Fauzia Ahmad, Moeness G. Amin

Villanova University, College of Engineering, Center for Advanced Communications, 800 East Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, Pennsylvania 19085, United States

J. Electron. Imaging. 25(4), 043013 (Jul 20, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JEI.25.4.043013
History: Received March 21, 2016; Accepted June 30, 2016
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Abstract.  A multimodal sparse reconstruction approach is proposed for localizing defects in thin plates in Lamb wave-based structural health monitoring. The proposed approach exploits both the sparsity of the defects and the multimodal nature of Lamb wave propagation in plates. It takes into account the variation of the defects’ aspect angles across the various transducer pairs. At low operating frequencies, only the fundamental symmetric and antisymmetric Lamb modes emanate from a transmitting transducer. Asymmetric defects scatter these modes and spawn additional converted fundamental modes. Propagation models are developed for each of these scattered and spawned modes arriving at the various receiving transducers. This enables the construction of modal dictionary matrices spanning a two-dimensional array of pixels representing potential defect locations in the region of interest. Reconstruction of the region of interest is achieved by inverting the resulting linear model using the group sparsity constraint, where the groups extend across the various transducer pairs and the different modes. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is established with finite-element scattering simulations of the fundamental Lamb wave modes by crack-like defects in a plate. The approach is subsequently validated with experimental results obtained from an aluminum plate with asymmetric defects.

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Citation

Andrew Golato ; Sridhar Santhanam ; Fauzia Ahmad and Moeness G. Amin
"Multimodal sparse reconstruction in guided wave imaging of defects in plates", J. Electron. Imaging. 25(4), 043013 (Jul 20, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.25.4.043013


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