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Face hallucination using orthogonal canonical correlation analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
Huiling Zhou, Kin-Man Lam

Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Center for Signal Processing, Department of Electronic and Information Engineering, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China

J. Electron. Imaging. 25(3), 033005 (May 20, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JEI.25.3.033005
History: Received January 20, 2016; Accepted April 26, 2016
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Abstract.  A two-step face-hallucination framework is proposed to reconstruct a high-resolution (HR) version of a face from an input low-resolution (LR) face, based on learning from LR–HR example face pairs using orthogonal canonical correlation analysis (orthogonal CCA) and linear mapping. In the proposed algorithm, face images are first represented using principal component analysis (PCA). Canonical correlation analysis (CCA) with the orthogonality property is then employed, to maximize the correlation between the PCA coefficients of the LR and the HR face pairs to improve the hallucination performance. The original CCA does not own the orthogonality property, which is crucial for information reconstruction. We propose using orthogonal CCA, which is proven by experiments to achieve a better performance in terms of global face reconstruction. In addition, in the residual-compensation process, a linear-mapping method is proposed to include both the inter- and intrainformation about manifolds of different resolutions. Compared with other state-of-the-art approaches, the proposed framework can achieve a comparable, or even better, performance in terms of global face reconstruction and the visual quality of face hallucination. Experiments on images with various parameter settings and blurring distortions show that the proposed approach is robust and has great potential for real-world applications.

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Citation

Huiling Zhou and Kin-Man Lam
"Face hallucination using orthogonal canonical correlation analysis", J. Electron. Imaging. 25(3), 033005 (May 20, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.25.3.033005


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