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Hierarchy-associated semantic-rule inference framework for classifying indoor scenes

[+] Author Affiliations
Dan Yu, Peng Liu, Zhipeng Ye, Xianglong Tang, Wei Zhao

Harbin Institute of Technology, School of Computer Science and Technology, 92 West DaZhi Street, Harbin 150001, China

J. Electron. Imaging. 25(2), 023008 (Mar 28, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JEI.25.2.023008
History: Received October 28, 2015; Accepted March 2, 2016
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Abstract.  Typically, the initial task of classifying indoor scenes is challenging, because the spatial layout and decoration of a scene can vary considerably. Recent efforts at classifying object relationships commonly depend on the results of scene annotation and predefined rules, making classification inflexible. Furthermore, annotation results are easily affected by external factors. Inspired by human cognition, a scene-classification framework was proposed using the empirically based annotation (EBA) and a match-over rule-based (MRB) inference system. The semantic hierarchy of images is exploited by EBA to construct rules empirically for MRB classification. The problem of scene classification is divided into low-level annotation and high-level inference from a macro perspective. Low-level annotation involves detecting the semantic hierarchy and annotating the scene with a deformable-parts model and a bag-of-visual-words model. In high-level inference, hierarchical rules are extracted to train the decision tree for classification. The categories of testing samples are generated from the parts to the whole. Compared with traditional classification strategies, the proposed semantic hierarchy and corresponding rules reduce the effect of a variable background and improve the classification performance. The proposed framework was evaluated on a popular indoor scene dataset, and the experimental results demonstrate its effectiveness.

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Citation

Dan Yu ; Peng Liu ; Zhipeng Ye ; Xianglong Tang and Wei Zhao
"Hierarchy-associated semantic-rule inference framework for classifying indoor scenes", J. Electron. Imaging. 25(2), 023008 (Mar 28, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.25.2.023008


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