Today, industries ensure the quality of their manufactured products through computer vision techniques and nonconventional imaging. Three-dimensional (3-D) scanners and nondestructive testing (NDT) systems are commonly used independently for such applications. Furthermore, these approaches combined constitute hybrid systems, providing a 3-D reconstruction and NDT analysis. These systems, however, suffer from drawbacks such as errors during the data fusion and higher cost for manufacturers. In an attempt to solve these problems, a single active thermography system based on scanning-from-heating is proposed in this paper. In addition to 3-D digitization of the object, our contributions are twofold: (1) the nonthrough defect detection for a homogeneous metallic object and (2) fiber orientation assessment for a long fiber composite material. The experiments on steel and aluminum plates show that our method achieves the detection of nonthrough defects. Additionally, the estimation of the fiber orientation is evaluated on carbon-fiber composite material.