Special Section on Compressive Sensing for Imaging

Determining building interior structures using compressive sensing

[+] Author Affiliations
Eva Lagunas

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Signal Theory and Communications Department, Barcelona 08034 Spain

Moeness G. Amin

Villanova University, Center for Advanced Communications, Radar Imaging Lab, Villanova, Pennsylvania 19085

Fauzia Ahmad

Villanova University, Center for Advanced Communications, Radar Imaging Lab, Villanova, Pennsylvania 19085

Montse Nájar

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Signal Theory and Communications Department, Barcelona 08034 Spain

J. Electron. Imaging. 22(2), 021003 (Jan 22, 2013). doi:10.1117/1.JEI.22.2.021003
History: Received August 13, 2012; Revised November 27, 2012; Accepted December 19, 2012
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Abstract.  We consider imaging of the building interior structures using compressive sensing (CS) with applications to through-the-wall imaging and urban sensing. We consider a monostatic synthetic aperture radar imaging system employing stepped frequency waveform. The proposed approach exploits prior information of building construction practices to form an appropriate sparse representation of the building interior layout. We devise a dictionary of possible wall locations, which is consistent with the fact that interior walls are typically parallel or perpendicular to the front wall. The dictionary accounts for the dominant normal angle reflections from exterior and interior walls for the monostatic imaging system. CS is applied to a reduced set of observations to recover the true positions of the walls. Additional information about interior walls can be obtained using a dictionary of possible corner reflectors, which is the response of the junction of two walls. Supporting results based on simulation and laboratory experiments are provided. It is shown that the proposed sparsifying basis outperforms the conventional through-the-wall CS model, the wavelet sparsifying basis, and the block sparse model for building interior layout detection.

© 2013 SPIE and IS&T

Citation

Eva Lagunas ; Moeness G. Amin ; Fauzia Ahmad and Montse Nájar
"Determining building interior structures using compressive sensing", J. Electron. Imaging. 22(2), 021003 (Jan 22, 2013). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.22.2.021003


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