Special Section on Stereoscopic Displays and Applications

Viewing experiences of two-dimensional photos and textual content on autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays

[+] Author Affiliations
Marja Salmimaa

Nokia Research Center, Visiokatu 1, 33720 Tampere, Finland

Toni Järvenpää

Nokia Research Center, Visiokatu 1, 33720 Tampere, Finland

Monika Pölönen

Nokia Research Center, Visiokatu 1, 33720 Tampere, Finland

J. Electron. Imaging. 21(1), 011010 (Feb 29, 2012). doi:10.1117/1.JEI.21.1.011010
History: Received May 14, 2011; Revised September 16, 2011; Accepted September 23, 2011
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Abstract.  We examined the image quality, image clarity, and viewing comfort of 2-D images rendered on an autostereoscopic display. Opinions on daily use of the content was gathered. Two different stereo displays were used in the experiments—a lenticular lens stereo display employing fixed 3-D stereo and a display with a switchable lenticular lens structure. Images were rendered on the displays with three different rendering schemes. Photos of natural scenes, artificial content, and content containing textual elements were used as the test stimuli. When images with natural scenes or artificial content were categorized into clusters according to the amount of details, significant differences in image quality, image clarity, and viewing comfort scores were observed. When two of the schemes were compared using the images containing textual elements, a significant difference in the viewing comfort and a significant increase in perceived stereoscopic depth impression were found with one of the schemes. Furthermore, image quality and viewing comfort were better with the 2-D display mode than with the 3-D mode. The use of the 2-D text content in the 3-D display mode seemed to be acceptable in general, but for longer term and repeated use, improvements in text quality should be considered. The results indicate that an increase in detail levels may decrease the evaluated image quality, clarity, and viewing comfort. Moreover, for all experimental conditions, better image quality, increased image clarity, and a more comfortable viewing experience had a positive influence on decisions of daily use.

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© 2012 SPIE and IS&T

Citation

Marja Salmimaa ; Toni Järvenpää and Monika Pölönen
"Viewing experiences of two-dimensional photos and textual content on autostereoscopic three-dimensional displays", J. Electron. Imaging. 21(1), 011010 (Feb 29, 2012). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JEI.21.1.011010


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