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Segmentation of the pelvic girdle in pediatric computed tomographic images

[+] Author Affiliations
Shantanu Banik

University of Calgary, Schulich School of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 1N4

Rangaraj M. Rangayyan

University of Calgary, Schulich School of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Department of Radiology, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 1N4

Graham S. Boag

Alberta Children’s Hospital, Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, 2888 Shaganappi Trail NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T3B 6A8

Randy H. Vu

University of Calgary, Schulich School of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 1N4

J. Electron. Imaging. 18(3), 033005 (July 24, 2009). doi:10.1117/1.3184783
History: Received July 07, 2008; Revised May 08, 2009; Accepted June 04, 2009; Published July 24, 2009
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Identification, localization, and segmentation of the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic organs are important steps in computer-aided diagnosis, treatment planning, landmarking, and content-based retrieval of biomedical images. In this context, to aid the identification of the lower abdominal organs, to assist in image-guided surgery or treatment planning, to separate the abdominal cavity from the lower pelvic region, and to improve the process of localization of abdominal pathology, we propose methods to identify and segment automatically the pelvic girdle in pediatric computed tomographic (CT) images. The opening-by-reconstruction procedure was used for segmentation of the pelvic girdle. The methods include procedures to represent the pelvic surface by a quadratic model using linear least-squares estimation and to refine the model using deformable contours. The result of segmentation of the pelvic girdle was assessed quantitatively and qualitatively by comparing with the segmentation performed independently by a radiologist. On the basis of quantitative analysis with 13 CT exams of six patients, including a total of 277 slices with the pelvis, the average Hausdorff distance was determined to be 5.95mm, and the average mean distance to the closest point (MDCP) was 0.53mm. The average MDCP is comparable to the size of one pixel, on the average.

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Citation

Shantanu Banik ; Rangaraj M. Rangayyan ; Graham S. Boag and Randy H. Vu
"Segmentation of the pelvic girdle in pediatric computed tomographic images", J. Electron. Imaging. 18(3), 033005 (July 24, 2009). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3184783


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