Special Section on Retinex at 40

Postfiltering for color appearance in synthetic image visualization

[+] Author Affiliations
Daniele Marini

Universita’ di Milano, Dipartimento Informatica e Comunicazione, 20100 Milano, Italy

Alessandro Rizzi

Universita’ di Milano, Dipartimento Tecnologie della Informazione, 26013 Crema, Italy E-mail: rizzi@dti.unimi.it

Maurizio Rossi

Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento Industrial Design, Arti, Comunicazione e Moda, Italy

J. Electron. Imaging. 13(1), 111-119 (Jan 01, 2004). doi:10.1117/1.1635367
History: Received Dec. 14, 2002; Revised Oct. 15, 2003; Accepted Oct. 15, 2003; Online March 01, 2004
Text Size: A A A

In the photorealistic image synthesis process, an accurate approximation of the spectral light radiance field of a synthetic scene is carefully reproduced, with the goal of generating a synthetic image that is indistinguishable from the actual one. The paradigm of photorealism requires a comparison of the real scene and its synthetic reproduction, and the two visual representations should be studied under the same conditions to make a correct comparison and evaluate the degree of accuracy. To reproduce the same observing conditions, we need to define a sort of synthetic observer (given the impossibility to enter into a synthetic world) to compensate the deep differences in the viewing conditions, between the real and synthetic images. Various solutions have been proposed to this end; most of them are based more on perceptive measures of the human visual system (HVS) under controlled conditions, rather than on the HVS behavior under real conditions, e.g., observing a natural image and not a controlled black and white or colored pattern. Besides the comparison problem, difficulties can arise from the visualization phase, whose purpose is to display the final results of the simulation model on a monitor screen or printed paper. This is known as the tone reproduction problem, and in most cases, one has to find the best solution to compress an extended dynamic range of the computed light field into the limited range of displayable colors. Several solutions have been proposed to solve this problem. On the contrary, no mapping is usually made in case of low luminance and extremely limited dynamic range images, and consequently photorealism and visual appearance are lost. We propose a working hypothesis to solve the appearance and the tone reproduction problems in the synthetic image generation, integrating the Retinex model into the photorealistic image synthesis context, including in this way a model of the HVS in the image synthesis process. © 2004 SPIE and IS&T.

© 2004 SPIE and IS&T

Citation

Daniele Marini ; Alessandro Rizzi and Maurizio Rossi
"Postfiltering for color appearance in synthetic image visualization", J. Electron. Imaging. 13(1), 111-119 (Jan 01, 2004). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.1635367


Tables

Access This Article
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this article ($20 for members, $25 for non-members).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Related Book Chapters

Topic Collections

Advertisement
  • Don't have an account?
  • Subscribe to the SPIE Digital Library
  • Create a FREE account to sign up for Digital Library content alerts and gain access to institutional subscriptions remotely.
Access This Article
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this article ($20 for members, $25 for non-members).
Access This Proceeding
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this article ($15 for members, $18 for non-members).
Access This Chapter

Access to SPIE eBooks is limited to subscribing institutions and is not available as part of a personal subscription. Print or electronic versions of individual SPIE books may be purchased via SPIE.org.