VIDEO AND IMAGE COMPRESSION AND NOVEL TRANSFORMS

Wavelet-based fixed and embedded L-infinite-constrained image coding

[+] Author Affiliations
Alin Alecu, Adrian Munteanu, Peter Schelkens, Jan Cornelis

Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Electronics and Information Processing Department, Pleinlaan 2, 1050?Brussels, Belgium E-mail: aalecu@etro.vub.ac.be

Steven Dewitte

Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Electronics and Information Processing Department, Pleinlaan 2, 1050?Brussels, Belgium

Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium, Ringlaan 3, 1180?Brussels, Belgium

J. Electron. Imaging. 12(3), 522-538 (Jul 01, 2003). doi:10.1117/1.1581731
History: Received Apr. 11, 2002; Revised Feb. 28, 2003; Accepted Mar. 3, 2003; Online July 23, 2003
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A new wavelet-based L-constrained fixed and embedded coding technique is proposed. The embedded bit stream can be truncated for any desired distortion bound at a corresponding bit rate, so that the target upper bound on the elements of the reconstruction error signal is guaranteed. The original image can also be coded up to a fixed a priori user-defined distortion bound, ranging up to lossless coding. A lifting-based wavelet decorrelating transform is employed on the original image, and exact relations are established between spatial and wavelet domain distortions. The wavelet coefficients are quantized by symmetric uniform quantizers for fixed-distortion coding and by families of embedded uniform deadzone scalar quantizers for embedded coding. The quantized coefficients are finally losslessly encoded using a quadtree-based coding algorithm. Any floating-point lifting-based wavelet transform can be used, and a few of the popular wavelet transforms included in the JPEG2000 verification model are worked out as examples. We compare other L-constrained coding schemes and show that our proposed coder offers in addition a fully embedded L-oriented bit stream. We illustrate also that the proposed coder retains the same capabilities as the state-of-the-art embedded wavelet-based codecs, while providing superior compression results and embeddedness with respect to the L distortion measure. © 2003 SPIE and IS&T.

© 2003 SPIE and IS&T

Citation

Alin Alecu ; Adrian Munteanu ; Peter Schelkens ; Jan Cornelis and Steven Dewitte
"Wavelet-based fixed and embedded L-infinite-constrained image coding", J. Electron. Imaging. 12(3), 522-538 (Jul 01, 2003). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.1581731


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